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By Majid Fakhry

The 1st entire survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic concept and its impact at the cultural elements of Muslim lifestyles. Fakhry exhibits how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest occasions a particular line of improvement, which provides it the cohesion and continuity which are the marks of the good highbrow routine of heritage.

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Yahia rendered them for his patron Muhammad b. S Another tradition attributes to him the translation, or in some accounts the revision of the paraphrase, of the Timaeus, also attributed to Yahia b. -w Of the Peripatetic works of Galen, l;lunain claims to have translated his Treatise on the Immovable Mover into Arabic and Syriac and his Introduction to Logic into Syriac only. The Numbers of the Syllogisms he translated into Syriac, where his son lshaq subsequently translated it into Arabic. In addition, numerous Aristotelian works were translated, although hardly any directly into Arabic, so by l;lunain's associates, working no doubt under his supervision.

352 f. , p. 511, and Sa'id, Tabaqat al-Umam, pp. 48, 6o. 12. For critical discussion, see Ruska, Arabischen Alchemisten, pp. 8 f. 13 Ibn Juljul, Tabaqat al-Atibba', p. 61; Ibn ai-'IbrT, Mukhta~ar, p. ; al-Fihrist, p. 7; al-QiftT, Tankh a[-ljukama', p. 334 f. 10 6 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT Of major importance to the history of translation was the contribution made in the next five decades by 'Abdullah b. al-Muqaffa', a Persian convert from Zoroastrianism, who died a violent death in 757· To him we owe the translation into Arabic from Pahlevi of the fables of the Indian sage Bidpai, known as Kalilah wa Dimnah, a literary classic which continues even now to be regarded as a model of Arabic prose.

And infra, p. 63 f. 41 Al-Fihrist, p. 353; Ibn Abi Usayb'ah, 'Uyiin, I, pp. 186-87. THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT 12 al-l:likmah or the House of Wisdom, an official institute and library for translation and research. In order to stock the library with important scientific and philosophical works, al-Ma'mon sent emissaries to Byzantium to seek out and purchase for him books of "ancient learning," which were then ordered to be translated by a panel of scholars. These translators included a number of illustrious names such as Yabia b.

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