By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The liberate of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's broad archive of surveillance documents, interviews, and firsthand debts has made it attainable to bare the reality at the back of the myths and misperceptions in regards to the kingdom of Islam. This accomplished source catalogues the days, locations, and folks that formed the philosophies from its early life via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A historical past of The kingdom of Islam: Race, Islam, and the search for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, besides archival and rarely-used resources. The e-book departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" therapy of the topic, and as a substitute examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the stream publish Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Additional info for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
43 The fact that Fard provided false accounts of his background, age, and race when interviewed by the local police departments in Los Angeles and Detroit exacerbated the FBI’s difficulties in tracing his origins. Tracing Fard Muhammad’s origins and location after 1933 proved to be a financially taxing task for the FBI, and they twice abandoned the investigation. Despite numerous and expensive efforts to locate Fard’s authentic birth certificate, the FBI failed to do so. In the absence of authentic legal documents, the FBI began to conduct numerous interviews with those individuals who had written to Fard during his time at San Quentin penitentiary, namely his former common-law wife Hazel Barton.
More about myself I will not tell you yet, for the time has not yet come. I am your brother. 19 Fard’s attempt to convince his followers that carrying their former slave masters’ surnames symbolized their continued enslavement played to the estrangement and isolation that they had experienced in Detroit. Those members who could not afford an “original name” replaced their surnames with an “X,” a symbol that represented their unknown ancestral name. They became so ashamed of their old slave names that they considered that they could suffer no greater insult than to be addressed by the old name.
Malcolm drifted into criminality in Harlem. Malcolm existed on a diet of pimping, drugs, and burglary. He was eventually arrested for burglary and given an eight-to-ten-year prison sentence in 1946. 41 In prison, Malcolm came to be known as “Satan” by his fellow inmates because of his attitude towards religion and the prison’s chaplain. 42 Malcolm committed himself fully to the NOI when he was released from prison in 1952. His commitment to Muhammad earned him a number of positions in the NOI. 44 Louis Walcott followed in Malcolm’s footsteps in 1953 when he and his wife accepted membership in the NOI.