By Adam Weintrit
The TransNav 2013 Symposium held on the Gdynia Maritime college, Poland in June 2013 has introduced jointly quite a lot of individuals from around the globe. this system has offered a number of contributions, permitting to seem at many points of the navigational safeguard from a number of assorted issues of view. subject matters provided and mentioned on the Symposium have been: navigation, safeguard at sea, sea transportation, schooling of navigators and simulator-based education, sea site visitors engineering, ship's manoeuvrability, built-in structures, digital charts structures, satellite tv for pc, radio-navigation and anti-collision structures and plenty of others. This booklet is a part of a chain of four volumes and offers an summary of advances in Marine Navigation and is addressed to scientists and execs desirous about examine and improvement of navigation, protection of navigation and sea transportation.
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Extra info for Advances in marine navigation
Figure 1. indd 38 4/27/2013 12:05:58 PM The symbol RN: 166, if the symbol is cursor picked, the value of magnetic variation will be displayed. Another solution is to present variation in a given area. In that case the symbol RN:167 is presented, which does not require to be precisely picked by the cursor that can only be placed in its vicinity. After cursor picking of a given symbol and pressing Enter, we get information on values of particular attributes. 7 of Appendix B to S–57 standard legislators used a vague imperative referring to requirements of presenting information on magnetic variation on ENC charts: … 'The ENC may contain information about magnetic variation, …', which can be understood as a permission rather than a definite data presentation requirement that has to be met.
4 of the SOLAS Convention provides requirement that all ships regardless of size should carry navigational charts and nautical publications for planning and presenting voyage routes and for plotting and checking ship's position. At the same time, the same paragraph provides that ECDIS systems may be recognized as satisfying the requirement of that paragraph concerning possession of navigational charts on board. 86 (70), Performance Standards for Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS)).
86 (70), Performance Standards for Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS)). One of the standards reads that only an ENC (Electronic Navigational Chart) may be used with an ECDIS system. ENC is a database, with standardized contents, structure and format, created in governmentapproved hydrographic offices. ENC contains all cartographic information necessary for safe navigation. indd 37 4/27/2013 12:05:58 PM electronic chart has to meet S-57 standards (IHO S57, “IHO Transfer Standard for Digital Hydrographic Data”), issued by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO).